Tuesday, October 22, 2019      سایت فارسی 
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Mosque of kebud Tabriz

Today, the Carnival offers a special offer for those interested in Iranian art and architecture and cultural tourism, a trip that will surprise you.
On this trip, we will introduce one of the masterpieces of Islamic art and architecture, whose prominence is complicated not only in the Muslim world, but also in the world.

A mosque in the city of Tabriz, which dates back to the 9th century AH, which has opened a new world of Islamic art and architecture to the viewer, dubbed "turquoise Islam".

Tabriz Mosque is one of the Iranian mosques, which is visible at the peak of the ability of Iranian tile artists in its mosaic tiles.

Many tourists who have visited this building and have been very impressed with it. Among them is Nadar Mirza Qajar, who wrote about the Blue Mosque:

"It's time that the eyes of the time of such a building will not be seen"

Why the mosque is burgundy?

- By visiting this mosque, a beautiful effect from the combination of Islamic and Iranian art and architecture in front of your eyes.

- Kabo Mosque or Firooz Islam, a monument belonging to the 9th century AH which can be viewed as a journey in history.

- You will see one of the beautiful architectural artworks in decorating a mosque in this place.

Visit the Blue Mosque ...

Where is the mosque in Tabriz in Tabriz? They give a clear address and tell you a bit of the beautiful mosque in their city.
When we arrive at the entrance to the mosque, we have to pay a ticket to the mosque and enter the beautiful mosque.
A mosque whose colorful tones were torn past the palm of every palace; and its beauty was famed for the Islamic world.
When you arrive, at first glance, you will not notice the excitement and excitement of the past, and you will not get enough because many tiles and parts of the time were destroyed; but when the tiles are colorful and wonderful in the part You see the various mosques, the richness of the mosque and the magnificence of the magnificent. And here you understand the meaning of the turquoise of Islam, and you see this craft and its decorations worthy of this name and wish you wish to re-shine the beautiful turquoise of Islam ...


Familiarity with Turquoise Islam (Mosque of Kabood)

The Kabul Mosque in Tabriz is one of the masterpieces of Islamic architecture. It is also known as the Masjid Göy məscid (the same as the Turkish mosque), the Shah Jahan Mosque, and the mosque of Mozafriya.
Abu al-Muzafar Jahanshah bin Qarah Yusuf from Amari Qaragwinlou Bonni built the mosque, but supervised by his wife (according to some of his daughter's scholars) John Begum Khatoon.
The combination of bricks and tiles with a variety of colors is very spectacular and amazing. The magnificent Azeri mosaic tiles have made it "Firoozeh Islam".
The architecture of the Blue Mosque has created a favorable climate with the climatic conditions of the city of Tabriz (Cold Mountain), in which all sections of the mosque were applied in different seasons of the year.
In the past, this building was part of a collection called "Mozafariyah", which consisted of buildings such as schools, mosques, khanshanahas, libraries and .... Unfortunately, today only a part of the mosque remains, which has been seriously damaged.

 Tabriz's Kabul Mosque was registered in 1310 by the number 169.

Beauty of mosque burgundy

Mosque makers are always trying to make the best of a mosque. Tabriz's Kabul Mosque is no exception, and the best architects, artists and artists in this mosque have left a lasting impression.

Most tourists who come to Tabriz from around the world to visit this magnificent building have heard the renown of tile and its rich enrichment.

In addition to its magnificent architecture, the Tabriz Mosque is one of the great attractions and unique beauty.

In the future, we will be familiar with the beauty and the various parts of the mosque.

1- Gold and Azure Roof

One of the most fascinating and remarkable parts of the Blue Mosque is the part of the roof that has been worked with gold and lazuli and offers a unique view of the building.
When you look at this part of the building, there is a strange calm of human existence and security in the house of God.

2- Tile unique bug mosque

The outer and inner walls of the mosque are adorned with tiled mosaic tiles, which can only be compared with the southwest tiles of the mosque of Isfahan.

You will see the magnificence of the art of tile art in the delicacy and diversity of the tile of the magnificent bay mosque. Azure mosaic tiles that have been named "Firoozeh Islam".

3. Crypt | Tomb of Jahanshah

One of the attractions of this mosque is the presence of two graves in the chamber in the small part of the mosque in the southern part of the mosque. According to researchers and historical narratives, the body of Jahanshah was transferred to this mosque after its death, so these two graves are probably the burial place Jahanshah and his wife. Of course graves are empty now.

The hexagonal azure tiles and marble slopes (the middle section of the wall) and sculptures with sculptures sculpted in this tomb are very spectacular and eye-catching.

Many tourists have visited this building and have written much about it. The Tarooniah, a French traveler, visited the mosque during the Safavid era and writes in connection with the passage of the dome of the mosque house to the tomb's dome:

"From this dome (the dome of the mosque) you will get inside a smaller dome that is much more beautiful than the first. In its depths, white transparent marble made something that looks like a door that does not open (the stone of the altar of the missing mosque)" (Tarooniah, 1366.68).

Thus, the description at the junction of this section with the dome was covered with marble and altar.

4- mosque courtyard

It is very attractive for tourists to have a flowerbed in the mosque.

In addition, Khaghani Gardens near the mosque and Khaghani statue provide a great place to rest and tourists.

History of Turquoise Islam

Jahanshah, one of the Qaraqouynlu Emirs, made Tabriz its capital and built a mosque in the city. The monitoring of the construction of the mosque was carried out by his wife (according to some of his daughter's scholars) John Beygum Khatoon, and this was built by Ezuddin Ghapuchi. According to the inscription, the completion of the mosque was completed in 870 AH. This date dates back to the end of the tile and the construction of the mosque began several years before the year 870.

The Blue Mosque is the only monument left over from the Qaraqouyunlu ruling period in Tabriz.

In 1193 AH (1158 AD), the roof of the mosque collapsed due to the earthquake and its walls were destroyed and remained unchanged for about 150 years, and in 1318 the rebuilding of arches and bases began, and then in Construction work will be completed in 1355. But to date, domestic and foreign tile renovation has continued. If you visit the Azerbaijani Museum near the mosque, you will see the restored sections in the corners of the mosque.

A strange event occurred in 2014 for the mosque; a total of 50 people went to the mosque for prayer and occupied it, and after the mosque was conquered, they held a prayer prayer and then tiled the carpet.

The inappropriate sanitation of urban gas inside the mosque also caused the destruction of parts of the building's walls during the cold season. Unfortunately, the mosque was stopped by the restoration of tiles.

Pictures of Tabriz Mosque before repair and reconstruction

Mosque inscriptions

From the inscription on the ceiling, which was written in the Kofi and Thallist style, it seems that this building was local to commemorate the victories of the world of Amir Gharakouinlu. On this inscription, the names of the manzahriyya mansion and the name of Nematullah bin Mohammad al-Boubab, a prominent Azerbaijani artist who was a calligrapher and designer of the mosque, can be seen.

On the tiles of the porch entrance to the mosque inscription to the line of Rekah, which dates from the construction of the building in the year 870. AH speaks.

Fatah Sura has been worked out in a formidable inscription round the main nave with elegance and very beautiful.

On the top of the entrance to the mosque, there is also a scroll of the name of Jahanshah, which has been golden in the past

Architecture of the Blue Mosque

Blue Mosque is a multipurpose building and a brick with an Azeri style of architecture, which is called the tomb of the mosque of Jahanshah.

Some parts have been used to make scarier stones. Architectural spaces of Sajd-e-Kobe are:

Sardar, Minaret, Dome and Shabestan and family tomb in the southern part of the mosque.

The overall shape of the building consists of two large dome dwellings, one large and one small on the south side, a small dome belonging to the construction of the tomb of the family of Jahanshah and the large dome belonging to the mosque.

The entrance to the mosque on the northern side is the only way to enter both domes and the two minarets of the mosque are located close to the sides of the porch.

The main parts of the mosque are square-shaped arches with ponds in the middle of it, providing nurseries for lessons and accommodating the poor.

The main building of the mosque is facing the courtyard facing the Qibla, with its perpendicular ceilings at a distance of 12 meters from the foundations. On top of this square, a huge dome with an interior view of the small bricks and tiles of Alwan, with the role of flowers and bay and sentences and Arabic words, has been worked.

The information on the shape and characteristics of the dome is currently based on the writings of the people who have seen the main dome because the current dome of the mosque is not its main dome, and is the dome of today's repair. From the remaining images, it can be concluded that the real dome of the mosque was built on a grave (stem of the dome) and constructed it without a structure, which made the dome rebuilding difficult.
The elementary dome is one of the largest brick domes of the ninth century, with a height of 17 meters and a height of 20 meters, which is well-balanced on the bases. But the 2014 earthquake. AH did not give a deadline to this beautiful building and caused the huge dome to collapse. In 1972, the deceased Reza, the architects of the repair of destroyed sections under the supervision of the National Organization for the Protection of Antiquities.
There is an interconnected porch around the large porch of the mosque, which has a perched roof, connected by arches to the porches around it.
A small dome is a tombstone that is decorated with azure tiles and inscriptions far away along the line. On top of this inscription, the tile pieces with short stories of the third line and the naskhs (Muhammad bin Nematullah the calligrapher of the ninth century AH) are among the various roles of the flower and beta.

The French Tauronius, in his writings, considers the mosque to be better than the other mosque.

A picture of the main dome

The eastern porch of the mosque (refurbished)

Access to the mosque
Address: Iran. Tabriz

The Kaboud Mosque is located in Tabriz, East Azarbaijan Province. In Mansoor Tabriz Street, not reaching the Hour Square, is located in Khaghani Park of the mosque.
Visit cost

The entrance fee for the mosque for Iranians is 25000 rial and for foreign nationals 150000rial

Friendly recommendations

This mosque is one of the most valuable historical attractions in Iran, where many foreign tourists visit the city of Tabriz every year. When we arrive at the mosque, the interior decoration and space of the mosque will force the man to stay, and maybe for hours we visit the tiles and the mosque's quiet atmosphere. To protect this monument, avoid touching and knocking on the tiles and refrain from entering the areas that are limited to restoration.

After visiting the mosque, be sure to visit the Azerbaijani Museum near it to see the tiles and inscriptions of the mosque closely.