Tuesday, October 22, 2019      سایت فارسی 
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Introduction of Tabriz City Diar first

Tabriz, the third largest city in Iran, has a special place in the history, history and economy of the country. The historic and prestigious center of the East Azerbaijan province has seen a sprawl of downs and downsides and has seen many incidents. Once upon a time, a small village was near Sahand Mountains and was once the capital of Iran. Throughout its history, the city has been replaced by terrible and devastating earthquakes, but with the efforts of men and women such as Sattar Khan, Bagherkhan, Parvin Etesami and many others have become more abundant than before.

Today, the metropolitan city of Tabriz is the economic, administrative, commercial, industrial, military and communal area of the northwest of the country, and it is of great importance in protecting the borders and the integrity of Iran. Due to the success of its people in using the world's facilities for the first time in Iran, Tabriz has been the first to be named the city and has always tried to preserve its cultural and historical traditions and its origins, the quality of life of urbanization Take higher.

These features of the city of Tabriz along with the unique and unique historical and modern structures, the eye-catching nature of Azerbaijan, the cultural, ethnic and ethnic characteristics of its people, unique souvenirs and many other things have made us specially To introduce the city and its attractions and tourist attractions.

In the foregoing article, we will present a comprehensive and comprehensive article about Tabriz's knowledge, and in the future, in separate articles, we will introduce the attractions, crafts and other attractions of Tabriz.

Why Travel to Tabriz?

      Tabriz is renowned for its traditional and modern markets and the high quality goods it offers, and it fills you with a handful of cities.

     Tabriz is a historic city and houses ancient and ancient works such as the Kabud Mosque, the Azerbaijan Museum and many others.
     Diarolins, handicrafts and precious souvenirs, among which the name of carpet and leather of Tabriz attracts most passengers.
     The city of Tabriz is located in a province with many natural attractions such as the Kandovan village and the Arasbaran forests, where the trip to Tabriz without visiting them is complete.

General information about Tabriz

Come along with us to take a glimpse of the basic information about beautiful and historic Tabriz.
Population: According to the latest census in 1395, the population of the city of Tabriz is 1,773,033. The population lives in twelve urban areas alongside each other.
Religion: Most people of Tabriz are intimidating Islam and Shiites are twelve Imams. Along with the majority of Shia, religious minorities and followers of Armenian, Christian, Jewish, Zoroastrian and Assyrian religions also live in this city.

Economy: Tabriz is one of the modern cities of Iran and one of the economic, industrial, tourism and commercial centers of the country. Heavy manufacturing industries such as machine building, tractor and Motogen, oil and gas industries such as petrochemicals and Tabriz refinery, food industry, including renowned famous factories of chocolate and confectionery Aydin (Dasas Brother Company), Anata and Shirin Honey, textile industries Garments such as Pelmeshakat and Atlas wool brands and all kinds of handicrafts like Verni, carpet, carpet and leather form part of the vibrant city of Tabriz.

In addition, tourism in a variety of forms, such as natural, medical, historical and commercial tourism, has a large share of the wealth and GDP of the city. Types of traditional and modern markets, including the big market of Tabriz, which has been registered globally, makes the types of products easily accessible to everyone. But Tabriz's thriving economic story does not end there. Large variety of souvenirs and food products, such as a wide range of nuts and sweets in Tabriz, has made this sector one of the most powerful financial elements in the city. It is interesting to know that well-known matchmaking factories in Iran, such as Tavakoli and Mvtats matches, have also been formed in Tabriz.

Sisters' cities: Among the famous and beautiful cities of the world, the cities of Istanbul and Erzurum from Turkey, Baku and Ganja from Azerbaijan, Gaza from Occupied Palestine, Kazan from Russia, Khudzhand, Tajikistan, Mogilev, Belarus, and Karbala in Iraq are the siblings of Tabriz. have come.

Tourism information

Among the essential information you need to travel to Tabriz, tourist information is one of the most important ones. Getting acquainted with the land you are traveling to and what you are facing there can give you a more comprehensive and better view of the destination and make you more comfortable.

RULES: Traditions and customs in the city of Tabriz are formed in the Turkish and Azeri cultural context. But its vast expanse and its metropolis have made some traditions change in the structure of urban life, and some of these customs are different from what is happening in villages and nomads. The tradition of Shah Hussein, the Guyana, or the Shahshi Wakashi (1), and the pile of candles in the mourning of Muharram, Bukhar (2) and Ploo as a sign of blessing at Yalda's night, sending a scene (3) to the bride or groom's newly nominated for various celebrations (Yalda, Ayad, Chaharshanbeh Souri), Ba'al Baghlamagh (Bride's waistline) on the wedding day, semenopepy in the night of the New Year and laying the water of the forty Yasin (4) on the Haft Sin table, a small corner of the customs and culture of the people of Tabriz and Is Azerbaijan

Among all the beautiful Azerbaijani and Turkish traditions and cultural heritage, Azeri music and artistic dance are of great importance, and they are famous for the cultural richness of this part of our land.

Delicious food: The name of the Tabriz food that comes out The first thing that comes to mind in Iran is Tabriz. This delicious and tasty dish that requires a lot of skill to cook, has a lot of fans and different types. In addition to Tabrizi, we have a variety of canes like ours, tomatoes, dentistry, lobsters and ..., mushroom leaves and cabbage rolls, daisy chives, lobster cookies, carrot mash and the most delicious chopped boob (5) Corner One of the varieties of Tabriz and Azerbaijan. An interesting thing to visit in Tabriz is that you can eat small carrots in every corner of the city, offering baked eggs and potatoes with fresh bread, butter and delicious perfume spices.

But the reputation of East Azarbaijan does not end there. Lighvan cheese (Lighvan villages around Tabriz) is the most famous cheese in Iran and its special taste is pro-fans. Honey from the beautiful nature of the Sahand mountains and its high-flowered slopes are also other delicious and popular dishes of the eastern Azerbaijan. Pickled blueberry jelly and jams of flowers from the Sahand range of floral and sweet flavors will complete the tastes of the East Azarbaijan province.

Souvenirs and handicrafts: Tabriz has been proud of the art of men and women's art of Azeri art since ancient times, and its quality and crafts and souvenirs have a worldwide reputation. On the carpet, carpet and gillim of Tabriz, which has placed this city in the list of cities registered in the World Heritage List, leather and leather products, especially bags and shoes of Tabriz, are among the best quality Iranian leather goods. Embroidered embroidery, dyeing, cloth printing, silk scarves, embroidered needle, Maragheh soap along with pottery and ceramics, beautiful silk and silk patterns, silverware, traditional painting and decoration from other industries. The famous hand of Tabriz city and East Azarbaijan province. The tasty, colorful and varied tastes of Tabriz make up a large share of its souvenirs. Nuts, dried fruits and dried fruits of the first class, very gourmet sweets such as almonds, nougat, ears, baklava, mashed, chocolate, luz, and ..., various kinds of halva, such as pistachio halva and walnut, local flavors Different and other delicacies bring every tourist with a hand full of Tabriz.

Residence: If you plan your visit to Tabriz city or have decided to trade in the city, you can safely choose your place of residence. From the first-class five-star hotels to single-star hotels and affordable hotels and hotels, apartments and guesthouses can accommodate you while staying in Tabriz.

Top attractions: Tabriz has many attractions, commercial and historical attractions that attracts a large number of tourists each year. The historic market of Tabriz, which is the largest indoor market in the world and is registered at the UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an excursion to the historical sights of Tabriz. Arg Alishah, Ell Goli Park, Akbar Shahra (Shahriar's Tomb), Modern passages, Red Mountains Pham Aynali and its telecabin, Recreational and amusement parks with Akbar Baghi, Tabriz Municipality, Kabul mosque, numerous museums (Azerbaijan Museum, Iron Age) And ...) and old houses are part of the attractions of Tabriz as a tourist city.

Attractions around Tabriz: You can not talk about traveling to Tabriz and East Azarbaijan, and do not talk about the nature of the soul of this magnificent landscape of Iran. Mount Sahand Mountain, which is famous for the bride of the mountains of Iran, is the most characteristic natural feature of East Azarbaijan and is considered one of the most important mountaineering destinations in Iran. Sahand ski resort alongside the ski resort of Marand's message shapes the important winter recreational destinations and hosts many enthusiasts every year. The historic and rocky villages of Kandovan (the city of Osku), the villages of Eshtbib (Jolfa city), Zinjnab and Lighvan (Tabriz) and the village of Zenozak of Marand, Urmia lake, Jahbah's ravine cascade of Jolfa and Arasbaran forests are among other natural attractions around Tabriz. are.

The Church of the World Register of St. Stephenos (from the collection of the Churches of the World Register of East and West), the Babak ancient castles in the city of Kalibar and Zahak in Hashtrood, Aras Free Zone in the city of Jolfa, the observatory, red domes, circular and Ghaffari in Maragheh Among the most venerable things

tabriz gorabieh

Facts about Tabriz

* The most important title and title given to Tabriz and the city is famous for it, the city is the first. The city of Tabriz, due to the presence of such facilities as the first school of choral bars by Jabarbagheh Ban, the first kindergarten and modern school, the first trading room in 1285, the construction of the first cinema and public library, the first translation, theater play, the first journalism National, on the first center of the telephone, the printing press, the fire tower, the Boldia and the Order, the first seismic base, and in recent years the first line of high-speed buses (BRT) and smart cards, and many other first-class eligible This is the title.

* The Tabriz indoor market, which is the largest and longest indoor market in the world, was registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010.

* Tabriz has been designated as the "Islamic Capital of Tourism for 2018", where city authorities are preparing detailed plans for the introduction of the city under the title "TABRIZ 2018".

* Tabriz has received the title World World Carpet Tile for Unique Carpets and Handcrafted by the World Handicrafts Council.

* Tabriz University is the second oldest university in Iran after the University of Tehran, dating to the year 1325.

* Tabriz has been the capital of Iran in different periods of history, such as the Atabakan, Khwarazmakhsh, Ilkhan, Jalayeri, Qaraqoyunlu, Agh Qoyunlu and Safavids (during the entire period of the reign of these dynasties or sections from the time of their reign). Also, during the reign of Qajar in our country, Tabriz was elected crown prince.

* Interesting facts about Tabriz's language include the famous "city without beggars" and "Iran's safest metropolis". Other interesting points during the trip to Tabriz is the extraordinary cleanliness that distinguishes its name among other Iranian cities.

* Tabriz has been classified as the second Iranian museums in Iran by having 17 different museums in various fields after Tehran.

* You can not name Tabriz, but remembered many celebrities and well-educated people. People who have grown up in the city's forested territory through history, and have given many honors to Tabriz and Iran. Some of these celebrities include Tajeddin Ali Shah Jilani, Parvin Etesami, Professor Mohammad Hossein Shahriar, Allameh Amini, owner of the Expensive Book of Al-Ghadir, Allameh Mohammad Taghi Jafari, Allameh Mohammad Hossein Tabatabai, Contemporary Philosopher, Sheikh Mahmud Shabestari, Sattarkhan, Bagherkhan, Owadi Maragheh Sayeb Tabrizi, the mighty poet, Jabbar Baghchan, Samad Behrangi, the popular writer, Mirza Hasan Roshdiyeh, the founder of modern education in Iran, the great sculptor of the late climber and Fateh Everest, and many others.


Tabriz Outbound Shipping

To reach Tabriz, you can use different routes and different means of transportation. Continue with us to give you a brief explanation of the different ways of rail, air and road pavement to reach Tabriz.
1- International Martyr Madani airport in Tabriz

Martyr Madani International Airport Tabriz is one of the busy and busy airports of Iran located in the northwest of the city at an altitude of 1,494 meters above sea level. The airport dates back to 65 years ago and covers an area of 420 hectares of land in Tabriz. The airport runs from one side to the second hunting ground, from one side to the other road level at the airport and Marand, and from another road to the police station of Tabriz-Marand. Currently, Tabriz International Airport is one of the four open sky airports in Iran covering 200 domestic flights and 20 foreign flights (incoming and outgoing) within a week. Sahand Airport is located at the airport of Tabriz International Airport in Bonab City. It is good to know that Tabriz Airport, in addition to the operation of cargo and passenger transportation, also has a military function and also hosts Iran's birding birds.

For more information about the airport, as well as the latest inbound and outbound destinations, you can visit here.

Available facilities

Among the facilities of the Tabriz Airport, there are branches of national and national banks, banking systems, maternity and child rooms, numerous cafes and restaurants, smoking rooms and special services for people with disabilities, such as the special way of the deaf, the path of the wheelchair, the park's location Disabled, Wheelchair and Handicapped Wheelchairs, Handicapped General Telephone and Handicapped Handicapped. Along with these facilities, services such as customs facilities, quarantine, handicrafts and food stalls, rhinestones and gilded boards, bookshops and exchange stands for the well-being of the travelers have been created.

Airports flying to or from Tabriz

International Mehrabad International Airport, Shahid Hasheminejad International Airport, Mashhad International Airport, Shahid Beheshti International Airport, Isfahan Shahid Beheshti International Airport, Shahid Shahid Shahid International Airport, Ahwaz International Airport, Bandar Abbas International Airport, Kish International Airport, Qeshm International Airport, Assalouyeh Airport (Gulf) Fars, Ataturk International Airport of Istanbul, Najaf International Airport, Baghdad International Airport, Yerevan International Airport, Baku International Airport, Izmir International Airport, Edna International Airport, Qaisery International Airport

Public transportation service from airport to Tabriz city

In addition to taxis and special cars of airlines, passengers and visitors to Tabriz Airport can use the special line of the airport-market of Tabriz (the order of the streets) and vice versa. Airport taxis are also served 24 hours a day.


East Azarbaijan, Tabriz, the Great Square of Azerbaijan, Shahid Babaei Blvd, Tabriz International Martyr Madani Airport

Required call numbers

Calling Flight Information



Airport Phone Center 041-35260405
Airport e-mail address


2. Railway of Tabriz

Tabriz railway station is one of the old railway stations in Iran, which was launched in 1259 AH with the implementation of the 149-meter-long Tabriz-Jolfa axis. The original design of the station was performed by the French architect Fernando Pouillon, but the design of the new building was handed over to Heydar Ghayabi. The construction of Tabriz railway station was registered in March of 1395. Among the services provided at this station, international shipping of goods to Turkey, Europe and the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic can be noted.

Tabriz through the railway runs to the inner cities of Mashhad, Tehran, Maragheh, Karaj, Jolfa Free Zone, Qazvin. This railway station serves the three axes of Tabriz-Jolfa, Tabriz-Razi and Tabriz-Maragheh. You can refer to this link to get train time and to book a car and car seat.


Tabriz, Tabriz Bazaar, Tabriz Railway Station

Public transportation services to the city of Tabriz:

In addition to the taxi and approved agencies that operate at the Tabriz railway station, you can reach the destination in the city via the bus line. For this you have to go to the railway station, which is located in the 5-minute railway station and the starting point of the bus line's starting line.

Number of contacts required for the Azerbaijani and Tabriz railways:

Azerbaijani Railway Railway Office 041-34440051-55
Receiving information and registering complaints (passenger voice system) 021-5149
Tabriz Railway Information 041-3444479

Tabriz Bus Terminals
In addition to the airport and railroad track, various road lines have paved the way for various routes, the way of private cars and interurban buses to Tabriz. Tabriz has two terminals called Central and Northwest terminals, which are the origin and destination of buses, minivans and interurban taxis.
1- Tabriz Central Bus Terminal
The central bus terminal in Tabriz is considered to be the largest terminal in the city, and most of the outbound trips from this terminal to other Iranian cities are carried out. The central terminal is located near the Olympic Village of this city and at the end of the Tehran-Tabriz highway.
Address: Tabriz, Abu Rayhan Square, the end of Mashary Avenue, Tabriz Central Terminal.

You can call the bus traffic information and travel agencies at 34797605-041 and 34796091-041 or get the data you want from the website of this terminal.

2- Bus terminus of northwest of Tabriz

The north-west terminal of Tabriz is near the Azarbaijan Square and Tabriz International Airport, and most of it covers the northern cities of West Azerbaijan and East Azarbaijan.

Address: Tabriz, Pasdaran Highway, Azeri Square.

  Contact information: For information on timely information and buses, you can call numbers 041-32611735 and 041-32611155.

Intra-city transit of Tabriz

The traffic in Tabriz city is easy with numerous linear taxis, private and radar (IRT) and metro commuter bus lines, and public transportation makes it easy to get access to different places.

1- Bus
Tabriz is the first city in Iran, equipped with radar bus lines and smart card payment cards. The radical lines of Basij and Abersan-Shariati railways cover almost all historical and tourist spots of the city, making it easier for travelers. Next to it, other bus lines (generally private companies) have made it easy to reach the city in a small amount. You can refer to this link for ticket information and city bus maps. Through this system, you can also find out details of the bus and stop stops.

2- Taxi
Intercity taxis and special taxis for bus terminals, airports and railways cover all parts of the city and provide quick and easy access to the passengers. You can use this link to find out about the up-to-date prices of these taxis or complaints.

3- Metro lines
The subway line opened for the first time in Tabriz in 1394 and took over the transportation of passengers. Today, only one line of Tabriz bus lines is underway and the construction of other lines continues. Comprehensive commute details, stops and travel times are listed on this link

Tabriz weather

East Azarbaijan is a mountainous region with cold and dry weather. Tabriz is not the exception of the province and has a cold and low humidity climate. The average reported rainfall of the city is 285 mm in the year, and is generally long and cold and high in autumn and winter, the form of precipitation is often snowy.

Spring: The first month of this season in Tabriz still has the winter weather and is sometimes accompanied by snowfall. But the weather is warming and glowing from the midsummer, and it prepares ground for the prosperity of the earth.

Summer: Summer of Tabriz has a temperate climate and is the best season to travel to this historical part of our country. The mornings and cool sunsets of this city are the best time to relax in the summer and enjoy the beauty of it.

Fall: Autumn in Tabriz, especially in the last month, is very cold, and its cold for those who are not familiar with this type of weather can be a reminder of the cold of the winter. Rainy weather and long-term rain and snow fall for the people of this land.

Winter: What is remembered in Tabriz in winter is the memory of burning and extreme cold and heavy snow storms. Although these years have been reduced due to the drought, annual snowfall has been reduced compared to several years ago, but winter is still wintered in Tabriz with a background of snowy snow. A long and hard winter, sometimes spreading snowy skirts from mid-autumn to mid-spring.

Tabriz Geographic Information

In Tabriz, at the end of the eastern and southeast of Tabriz plain, in the west of the East Azarbaijan Province. The city has a latitude of 38 degrees and 29 minutes and a longitude of 46 degrees and 36 minutes in the vast plain among the mountains of Peking Chin and Aoun bin Ali (Aynali) from the north, Bababaghi and Goshen from the northeast, the end of the east and Sahand Mountain Range and Tabriz Plain and Thalkhard Rocks in the South. Tabriz is located at a height of 1348 meters above sea level, and this elevation reaches 1561 meters in Zafarandia neighborhood. The monsoon flow of teapot through the city of Tabriz and in the season's high season, brings freshness and vitality into the veins of Tabriz. The permanent river Tilkhrood or Aji Chai also crossed the northwest of the city and by moving the teapot into the lake, Urmia continues


City History

Tabriz is one of the historic cities of Iran. According to archaeological explorations, it dates back to Parthian and Sassanid periods. Tabriz has faced numerous ups and downs throughout history and has been destroyed and rebuilt several times by earthquakes. The most important document of history that emphasizes the great importance of Tabriz and the high profile of its history is its location on the road of silk, which for centuries connects the two sides of the east and west of the world. It is said that the current city of Tabriz is based on the ruins of the city of Toujerg (one of the most important cities of Iran during the Parthian rule), a narrative that has little historical validity but is very common among folk tales. As in the book of prestigious Iranian history (published by the University of Cambridge), the construction of the city of Tabriz was first laid down in the Sassanid period, and the city at that time was named. They say Tabriz was destroyed in the 4th century and was a small village that was not given special attention during the Arab invasion and the entry of Islam into Iran. After the presence of Arabs in Iran, a man named "Awad" from the tribe "Azdeh" (including the famous tribes of Yemen) takes Tabriz's rule during the Abbasid caliphate. His son, Wajna, built mansions in this city and surrounds the wall, laying the foundations of beautiful Tabriz. Tabriz begins its growth from the middle of the third decade of the Hijri, and its size and significance are added. After this, for four hundred years, the "Rawdian" family ruled the city and provided it with great opportunities.

There is little information about Tabriz in the Seljuk period, and there are not many references to it in the historical texts. In the time of the rule of the Ghaznavids dynasty in Iran and the rule of Als Arslan, Tabriz will forever be the center of Azerbaijan, and this title will remain forever for the city. At the beginning of the 7th century AH, the Mughals invaded Tabriz twice and dominated by the tribute of the people. But when the Ilkhan regime comes to Iran, Tabriz is at its peak and has gained the pride of the Iranian capital for many years. Ilkhans who ruled over the territory of Nepal to Central Asia initially chose Maragheh and then Tabriz for their capital. Then, in the Timurid period, the Qaraqoyunlu, Agh Qoyunlu and early Safavid dynasty, Tabriz remains the capital and center of the monarchy. But the proximity of this city to the borders of the Ottoman government and the fear of the attacks of this sovereignty, a capital from Tabriz, is taken to Qazvin.

After Qajar rule over Iran and coronation of Aqam Mohammad Khan as the king of this land, Tabriz is selected as the royal town and the future kings of Iran are being educated in this city. In the Qajar period, Tabriz was twice attacked by the Russians and occupied a long time by the Russians. But perhaps the biggest and most important role of Tabriz in contemporary history of Iran comes from the great work of the people of this city during the constitutional era, with such people as Sattar Khan, Bagherkhan and Shaikh al-Islam, along with thousands of devoted women and men, with the help of Iran and Iran's call for freedom of expression. They bring about the victory of this movement.

But the performances of the people of Tabriz do not end here, and the people of this city, by participating in many struggles and freedom, pave the way for the victory of the Islamic Revolution. Meanwhile, the date of February 29, 1979 is very much celebrated in Tabrizi and it is very important in their collective memories. The people of the city come to the streets to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the dead on December 19, 1356 in Qom, and they are involved with the Pahlavi regime's activists. This move by the people of Tabriz gives fresh impetus to the veins of the revolutionary people of Iran and adds to the speed of the victory of the revolution.

The name of Tabriz's name

There have been many speculations and hypotheses about the reason for naming Tabriz. Some of the most important names that have been derived from Tabriz are the names of "Torres", "Touraine", "Tabriz" and "Tori".

As the Iranianologist Vladimir Minorsky stated in his research, Muhammad Hamoi reports that he owns the book of Mojtaba al-Baladan, when he (Tabas) visited Tabriz, the people used the term Tabriz to name their city. Have. According to him, the pronunciation of Tabriz with the Arabs "-" belonged to the ancient Azerbaijani dialect of the old, which is related to the Persian dialects of the Caspian Sea and has that language. Or the pronunciation of Tabriz is the main name of this city about the current (in Arabic). On the other hand, the model of the name of the city of Tabriz during the Armenian period shows that the word is derived from the word Tyrges (Pahlavi language). As a result of these analyzes, Minursky concludes that the root of the name of the city dates back to the Sassanian period, or even earlier, the time of the Parthian rule.

Other studies carried out in the area of Tabriz's name include the work of Mostafa Momeni in the Islamic Encyclopedia. Mr. Momeni said in his article that the native inhabitants of Azerbaijan were called Tabriz, Tori (the spring or the river), and until recently villagers around Tabriz also called the city. In ancient writings (for example, Abu al-Fadda), the name of Tabriz has come in the form of joy, and still in the Kurdish and Tati languages, the names "Turez" and "Tori" are used to name this city.

George Curzon, in his study, concluded that Tabriz is an Aryan word and has been derived from the words "fever" meaning "hot and cold" and "rose and thistle". He sees the reason for this naming as the presence of hot springs in the vicinity of the city. Wilhelm Eilser also partly agrees with the reason for this naming, and the meaning of combining the two words "Fever" and "Rose" is called "hot water". He states that fever or spit gives warmth, and that the meaning of the flow of springs has come.

Of course, this is only a few examples of the studies done on Tabriz province, and the research work in this regard is not over, but not all of them are in the interest of this article.

Last speech

Today we went to Tabriz with you and got acquainted with this historical, commercial and important city of Iran. We learned about customs, souvenirs, handicrafts and attractions, and added to our knowledge of ways to access and circulate the city.
Have you ever had an experience traveling to Tabriz and visiting historical sites or shopping in the market? What is your opinion about traveling to Tabriz and its readiness to deal with travelers? What are your suggestions on traveling to the city for the first time and visiting the monuments and tourist attractions? Bring us together with your comments, suggestions and experiences